Patterson-Kelley will begin shipping their new MACH® condensing boiler with 10:1 Mechanical Turndown starting March 29th, 2019.

MACH® Models C750, C900, C1050

Providing high turndown without sacrificing efficiency or reliability.

Patterson-Kelley continues to push the limits of technology by increasing turndown, with emphasis on system efficiency, reliability, and serviceability. By using a mechanical method to achieve higher turndown, they have eliminated the need to add excess air. Adding excess air can reduce the dewpoint of the flue gas and adversely affect efficiency.

MACH® with 10:1 Mechanical Turndown Capability Benefits:

  • Flexibility to match input to building load
  • Better control over temperature differential between return water and exhaust temperature
  • Perfect for new installation and retrofit projects
  • Simple boiler maintenance
  • Available for natural gas application

The MACH® condensing boiler is now available with 10:1 mechanical turndown capabilities for natural gas models C750, C900, and C1050; perfect for a variety of applications.

If you are interested in including this boiler in your next project bid or reaching out to your existing customers to upgrade their equipment, give us a call for specs, pricing, and delivery dates.

You can also download a MACH® with 10:1 Mechanical Turndown Bundle today to grab literature, spec sheets, submittals, and more and start planning your next upgrade or new installation project today.

Patterson-Kelley is one of our most trusted lines of heat transfer equipment like boilers and water heaters. They recently published this article on boiler turndown rates that we thought you would find it of interest.

 

Operate at Peak Efficiency

Thermal efficiency is simply the chemical energy added to the boiler divided by the energy added to the boiler water.  As more energy is transferred from the hot gas into the boiler water, the thermal efficiency increases and the temperature of the hot gas decreases.

Almost all boilers are tuned to add excess air, which ensures ideal combustion of the fuel for proper air-fuel mixing. The excess air can also prevent the burner from overheating by “pushing” the combustion flames off the burner.

When energy from the hot gasses is transferred to the boiler water, the gas temperature dips below the dew point, which causes vapor to become liquid. The energy released from the conversion is picked up by the boiler water and results in a significant boost in efficiency. Every pound of water converted into liquid adds approximately 1000 BTUs to the boiler water. However, dry flue losses and loss of vapor can result in energy loss.

Energy loss can be readily calculated if the amount of CO2 and O2 in the flue gas and the stack temperature is known.

With the evolution of boiler technology, manufacturers have found a way to offer units with multiple firing rates, and units that can modulate seamlessly between fixed low fire rates and fixed high fire rates. The fixed fire rates are defined as the boiler turndown capacities, and modulation is accomplished by reducing the air and gas flow into the boiler.

The benefit of this modulation is threefold; it reduces cycle losses, it reduces the wear on the components, and it can potentially lead to higher thermal efficiencies.

Impact of Turndown

This begs the fundamental question – wouldn’t a boiler with extreme turndowns be much more efficient than one with 5:1 turndown?  The answer to that is NO!

To achieve high turndowns, the boilers are tuned to deliver greater amounts of excess air at low firing rates to keep the burner from overheating. The additional excess air will significantly reduce the dew point of the water in the flue gas and alter the losses in the dry gas. To illustrate this effect, the example used in Figure A is updated to reflect a 20:1 turn down where the O2 is set to 11% (corresponding to a CO2 of 5.6% and 97% excess air).  The results are highlighted in Figure B below.

Note that the dew point has been lowered from 130.6° F to 117° F  and the boiler is no longer in the condensing range.  This represents a 3.7% DECREASE in overall efficiency and this is just the beginning of the bad news! 

When excess air well above 50% is used in the boiler, it impacts the stability of the combustion flame which can lead to excessive flame failures, nuisance trips and cycle losses.

The Analysis

Realistic boiler modulation rates have helped improve the overall boiler system efficiency from reduced cycle losses and increased thermal effi­ciencies. Extreme turndown produces the opposite effect. Boil­er plant designs must factor in actual (not extrap­olated) boiler efficiencies through the firing range of the equipment and matching the expected plant loads with the right boiler size selections.

Interested in learning more about Patterson-Kelley boilers or how turndown rates affect efficiency? Give us a call at 800-355-7061 and we’d be happy to help.